In-vitro fertilization, or IVF, is a process whereby the sperm fertilizes the egg outside the body in a Petri dish and the resulting embryo is placed into the woman’s uterus. But the process isn’t as simple as that. Multiple procedures are involved in the entire IVF procedure to guarantee its success. It is also a method of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) that took time to be developed and to evolve. Let’s take a look at how IVF came to be.
In 1934, a gentleman by the name of Gregory Pincus performed in-vitro fertilization procedures on rabbits at Harvard University.
In 1938, John Rock began his quest to determine whether or not IVF can be done on humans. It would take him six years to successfully fertilize a human egg outside the body. He did not, however, attempt to implant the fertilized egg inside a human. The entire study nonetheless piqued the curiosity of the medical world.
In 1959, the first ever successful IVF procedure was completed by Min Chuen Chang at the Worcester Foundation when a live rabbit was born.
In September of 1977, Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards surgically removed an egg from their patient, Lesley Brown, fertilized the egg, and implanted it in Brown’s uterus. A few months later, Brown’s pregnancy was confirmed. This is the first time an egg fertilized through IVF has grown in a uterus.
On July 25, 1978, Louise Brown becomes the first human baby ever to be born through the IVF procedure.
CHA Fertility Center combines personalized, empathetic care with scientific excellence to bring hope and new life to women and couples who dream of having a family. The facility specializes in IVF as well as other Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) procedures. To learn more about the latest news on IVF, visit this blog.